2020/21 Tax year - how does this affect me?

Get a free consultation
Health Assured Logo

Health Assured team

27 March 2020

The new tax year is always a key event in the financial calendar and it’s important to keep up to date with tax legislation, allowances and deadlines each year.


The UK tax year runs form the 6th April to the 5th April the following year. Each year, the Chancellor of the Exchequer delivers a Budget Statement to the House of Commons, announcing the government's tax and spending plans for the year ahead and proposed changes to taxation. This article reflects on the key points of the 2019/20 tax year, and the Budget plans and dates for the upcoming 2020/21 tax year applicable to England.


Key dates for the upcoming 2020/21 tax year:

  • 5th April 2020 End of last tax year and deadline for claiming PAY tax refund for the 2015/16 tax year
  • 6th April 2020 First day of new tax year
  • 31st May 2020 Copies of P60 documents issued to employees
  • 31st October 2020 Deadline for online submission of self-assessment tax returns for year ending 5 April 2019
  • 31st January 2021 Deadline for online self-assessment tax returns for 2019/20 tax year.
  • 5th April 2021 End of tax year 2021


Personal Allowance and Income Tax Thresholds

The tax-free personal allowance is the amount of money which an individual can earn before paying tax. In 2019/20, the tax-free allowance increased to £12,500 and will remain the same throughout the 2020/21 tax year. However if income is above £100,000, £1 of personal allowance is lost for every £2 earned.


In the upcoming 2020/21 tax year, there are no planned changes to income tax thresholds, VAT or national insurance. During the 2019/20 and 2020/21 tax year, for England and Northern Ireland, the basic rate tax band will remain at 20% on taxable income up to £37,500. The threshold of the higher income tax rate also remains the same at 40% on annual earnings from £37,501 to £150,000. The additional tax rate is 45% on annual earnings over £150,000.


The Scottish Government has operated a different income tax regime compared to the rest of the UK since the 2018/19 tax year:


Personal Savings Allowance

Personal savings allowance refers to the amount of income generated from savings each year. There are no planned changes to these amounts in the upcoming 2020/21 tax year:

  • Basic-rate taxpayers can earn up to £1,000 in savings interest
  • Higher-rate taxpayers can earn up to £500 in savings interest
  • Additional rate tax payers do not have a personal savings allowance.


Inheritance tax

The nil-rate band of £325,000 remained the same throughout the tax year or 2019/20 and there shall be no further changes to this amount in 2020/21. However, the additional residence nil rate band, when a residential property is passed on death to a direct-line descendant, saw increases in 2019/20 to £150,000, and this will rise again to £175,000 in April 2020, in line with the Consumer Prices Index.


National Living Wage

The National Living Wage came into effect on 1st April 2016 is an obligatory minimum wage paid to workers in the UK aged 25 and above. As of April 2019, the National Living Wage rates are:


  • Age 25 and over: £8.21 per hour
  • Age 21 to 24: £7.70 per hour
  • Age 18 to 20: £6.15 per hour
  • Aged under 18: £4.35 per hour
  • An apprentice: £3.90 per hour


The rate is set to increase from 1 April 2020 to £8.72 for workers over 25, which is the most significant increase since it was introduced in April 2016.



The recent COVID-19 global health crisis has created a significant amount of uncertainty on the economic outlook. Within the 2020 Budget, the UK Government has announced various plans to support public services, individuals and business, with the public safety being the government’s top priority. Budget plans include:


  • Increased funding for the NHS and other public services in England
  • Expanding business rates relief
  • Dedicated helpline for those who need a deferral period on tax liabilities
  • Mortgage repayment holidays of 3 months to households in financial difficulty due to COVID-19.
  • Extending Statutory Sick Pay/ Employment Support Allowance



If you would like to find out more information on any of the topics mentioned in this article, please contact the Health Assured 24/7 confidential helpline.


Or alternatively, visit our portal to view advice articles, webinars and 4-week programmes all aimed at improving your physical and mental wellbeing:



Make your enquiry

Please complete the form below and we'll be in touch to answer your enquiry

Book a place on this workshop

Get a free consultation

Please complete the form and we'll be in touch to schedule your free consultation

An error occurred

We appologise but an error has occurred submitting your form. Please try again.